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Relative Locators in the past were called Friendly Locators. The motivation behind Relative Locators is to track down a particular component or element with respect to the situation of another component. There’s a sum of 5 strategies with a choice of 2 arguments. We can utilize the by-finder boundary or Web Element component boundary. Below is a list of relative locators:

Selenium 4 Relative Locators

1. above() 2. below() 3. near() 4. toLeftOf() 5. toRightOf() 1) above(): Discovers a component or components situated over a proper component. 2) below(): Discovers a component or components situated under a proper component. 3) near(): Discovers a component or components situated close to a fixed component. 4) toLeftOf(): Discovers a component or components situated on the left side of a proper component. 5) toRightOf(): Discovers a component or components situated on the right side of a proper component.

Relative Locators connect the current categories of Selenium’s 8 Locators: id, className, CSS selector, linkText, name, partial link text, tagName, and XPath. As an automation engineer, one of the initial steps is figuring out how to find a component.

Import Relative locator

There are 2 import declarations for Relative Locators. One import declaration is static and the other import declaration isn’t static. The distinction directs how we compose our Relative Locator syntax.

One declaration allows us to use static in the import statement and another without static. Below is the example of without using static in import declaration then our code looks like this:

import relative locator

Notice the import declaration import org.openqa.selenium.support.locators.RelativeLocator; This bundle was imported as a matter of course in IntelliJ IDE as a convenient solution. The bundle permits us to compose driver.findElement(RelativeLocator.withTagName(“”)). It’s correct and will work without an issue. In any case, we can likewise start our statement utilizing with TagName like below:

import relative locators

An error specifying “The strategy withTagName(String) is undefined or not resolved for the type” appears if we eliminate RelativeLocator. prior to withTagName(“”) and not update our import statement.

To determine the error, we add static in the import statement before the bundle. Toward the end, add a dot administrator (.) and append (*) or withTagName(“ ”) like below:

import relative locatorss

Use of Relative Locator:

The techniques for relative locators in Selenium 4 are over-use and can take relative WebElement or By locater as a parameter. The below code describes the use of a relative locator:

use of relative locators use of relative locatorss
  • The Submit Button element is found by Xpath.
  • Next Script finds elements using tag name input.
  • The element input is located above submit button.
  • At last, the message is entered in the Message Box.
message box

Find List of Web element Using Relative Locator:

Like a single element, we can also find a list of web elements using relative locators. In our example we are finding all the social icons with the help of relative locators see below:

web element using relative locator selenium 4 relative locatorss

Relative locators in Selenium 4 is a fascinating progression utilizing which designers can get to local web components with fewer lines of execution. As this is an Alpha delivery, the highlights might change in additional deliveries. Note that Selenium 4 Relative Locator techniques for example above, below, toLeftOf, toRightOf, close don’t work with covering components.

In case you are utilizing Java with Selenium for automated cross-program testing, you ought to give Selenium 4 (Alpha) a twist. However there are devices (open-source to business) that proposition highlights like Selenium 4 Relative Locator, Selenium 4 has a lot more elements (counting further developed documentation) that make it worth the standby.

Read Also:

What are locators in Selenium?

Best Selenium alternatives

Selenium Vs Protractor: What’s the Difference?

Benefits of Selenium Webdriver for Automation Testing

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