Smoke testing is a process to check whether the newly released build is stable or not. It helps a QA or testing team to get confirmation QA or testing team can proceed with further testing or not. It also gives assurance that builds received from development are working correctly.
Smoke Testing is a type of software testing that is usually performed on initial software builds to ensure that the critical functionalities of the program are working absolutely fine.
It is the prior check of the software after a build and before a release. This type of testing finds primary and critical issues in an application before critical testing is implemented.
Smoke testing, also known as build verification testing or build acceptance testing, is a non-exhaustive software analysis that ascertains that the most bottom-line functions of a program work but does not delve into finer details.
Below are the key features of smoke testing that you should be familiar with:
Smoke testing is usually done at any time the new functionalities of the software are developed and integrated with an existing build. This establishes whether all critical functionalities are working correctly or not. It’s done by developers in the development environment to ensure the correctness of the application before releasing the build to QA. After the build is sent to the QA environment for testing, smoke testing is performed by QA engineers. Whenever there is a new build, the QA team determines the major functionality in the application to execute smoke testing.
Smoke testing is performed like any other type of testing. Below are the steps that you can carry out to smoke test the software:
Quality assurance (QA) testers perform smoke testing after the developers release every new build of an application. If the code passes the smoke, the software build moves on to more accurate tests, such as unit and integration tests. If the smoke test fails, then the testers have discovered a major flaw that interruptions all further tests. QA then asks developers to release another build. This one broad initial test is a more effective strategy to improve software code than if the team conducted specific and accurate tests this early in the development process.
Smoke testing is also accomplished from the perspective of user experience (UX). This approach covers testing key functionalities, such as if the build is usable or if the user interface (UI) and login mechanism function. Other key functionalities include if an action selection corresponds with the intended action. For example, if a user adds a product to a shopping cart in an e-commerce web application, does the item appear in the cart?
In conclusion, smoke tests offer a simple, genuine yet supremely effective option to speed up finding bugs. Developers and others likewise can use smoke tests in software projects, and can badly improve code quality.