Application programming interface [API] testing is a sub-part of software testing that is particularly focused on APIs.
Two or more software applications can make contact and share data through APIs, which act as a mediator between them. API testing ensures that the API is functioning as planned and fits the system’s requirements.
The focus of this particular type of testing is to confirm that the API is providing error-free results for a specific set of input data.
For example, if you send a request to the cloud to get the photo API for a specific file, you should get the file for that photo API in response.
2. Regression testing
After making changes to the system, this type of testing takes place to make sure that no new problems have been caused by the changes. When the application is updated or modified, it helps prevent the appearance of new bugs.
3. Stress testing
This kind of testing stresses the API to its breaking point to observe how it responds to difficult conditions.
For example, the API of an e-commerce website must be able to manage a sudden increase in traffic during a sale without breaking down.
4. Performance testing
This kind of testing evaluates how well the API functions under various load levels. Determines how quickly and adaptably an API is responsive. It evaluates how the API performs in various traffic scenarios and how quickly it replies to queries.
For example, it ensures that a financial API can deliver real-time stock market data with minimal delay.
5. Security testing
This form of testing checks for API weaknesses that attackers might target. Finding security issues and risks in APIs is made easier by API testing. It checks for potential security threats such as unauthorized access, breaches of information, or injection attackers.
Finding security issues and risks in APIs is made easier by API testing. It checks for potential security threats such as unauthorized access, breaches of information, or injection attackers.
Advantages of API Testing:
API Testing is a vital practice in software development, streamlining communication, ensuring robust integration, and enhancing overall reliability. Its early issue detection, automation features, and comprehensive test coverage contribute to faster development cycles and improved software quality. As technology advances, API testing proves essential for organizations dedicated to delivering resilient, high-quality software solutions.