Test Documentation is a document prepared by the QA team during or before the testing of software projects. Test document reflects the importance of the process for the customer, individual, and organization.
Test documentation is a document that contains the Specification of a software project. It includes a Test plan, Test Case, Test Scenario, and Traceability Matrix.
Any project needs to have good test documentation. Good quality documentation reduces the cost, time, and effort of an organization.
We can say that we are living in a digital era. We use mobile applications for primary requirements like Electricity bill payment, G-Pay, Paytm, and online shopping. so this thing needs to be tested properly then only it can be useable.
So after the development of the software, the next phase is to test formality to make sure that the particular project is working fine as per specification.
Test Scenario: This document describes the various scenario of the application to test. It helps to understand the flow of the application. It does not consist of any input data and navigation steps.
Test Case: A test case is a very descriptive test document. It consists of input data and navigation steps to test data. It also contains expected results and actual results for a clear understanding of the application’s working status.
Test Plan: A test plan is a test document prepared by the test lead or manager. The test plan consists of all activities for testing an application. There are multiple components of a Test plan (Test Environments, Test methodology, Template, Role & Responsibility, Effort estimation, Objectives, Scope, Approach, Entry and Exit criteria, Schedule, Tools, Defect tracking, Test Deliverable, Assumption, Risk, and Mitigation Plan or Contingency Plan.)
Requirement Traceability Matrix(RTM): RTM stands for Requirement traceability matrix. RTM makes sure that all the test cases have been covered. RTM use to ensure that we have not missed any particular requirement or test cases to execute in an application.
Test strategy: Test strategy Is a very important document for the testing process. It describes what kind of technique has been used for testing particular applications and which module going to be tested. It consists of multiple components test processes, scope, customer communication strategy, documentation formats, and objectives.
Test Data: Test data is a document that is created before test execution started. Test data is used while implementing test cases. Test data is an Excel document prepared manually.
Bug Report: The “Bug Report” is a document that consists of detail of all the bugs that occurred during the testing procedure. It is a very important document for developers and the QA team also because by referencing this document team can track the process of a project. Using this document team become to know the number of open issues, solved issues, work under process issues, Rejected issues, and solved issues.
Test Execution Report: The test lead prepares the “Test Execution Report” after the test execution process is completed. It defines the constancy of the project. It has information like the module, the number of written test cases, the number of passed test cases, number of failed test cases.
Best Practice to Achieve Test Documentation
Advantages of Test Documentation
Disadvantages of Test Documentation
Test documents are having merits and demerits also. But the thing is it is good practice to prepare test documents for software projects. Because it takes some time to prepare documents. Once the document is prepared with good quality, it is helpful throughout the journey of development.