Software testing is a huge landscape; however, it can be generally categorized into two areas: automation testing and manual testing. Both automated and manual tests provide disadvantages and advantages. Testing is an essential section of any successful software project. The sort of test (either automation or manual) largely depends on several factors, counting budget, project requirements, suitability, expertise, and timeline. Three very important factors of any project are of course quality, cost, and time – the main objective of any thriving project is to lessen the time and cost required to finish it successfully while managing quality results.
Test Automation or Automation Testing is the process of using scripts, tools, and software to execute test cases by predefined actions. Automation testing mainly finds defects using test automation tools. It focuses on replacing manual action with devices or systems. In this process, implementing the test scripts and generating the results are performed automatically by test automation tools. These tools perform examinations of the software, report results, and evaluate results with previous test runs. Some effective tools to automate tests are Selenium Web Driver, HP QTP/UFT, etc.
Success in automated testing necessitates a cautious plan and design work. The following phases are followed in any automated testing procedure:
Read more: How does automation testing work?
The following are the advantages of automated testing:
Success in automated testing mainly depends on detecting the perfect tool for the project. With a myriad of commercial and open-source automated test tools to select from, automation test tool choice can become complicated. With the automated test procedure in place, there is relatively no human intervention required and it is the automated tools that can efficiently execute the test scripts. Here is a list of the 20 best test automation tools in 2020 to help you select the perfect one.
The suitable choice of automated test tool, testing procedure, and team are significant players for automated testing to be successful. Automated and manual test techniques go hand-in-hand for successful testing.
The execution of automated test life cycle executes in parallel with the SDLC (software development life cycle) procedures. The structured test automation life cycle includes a multi-phase procedure that supports the actions needed to introduce and use a test automation tool, develop test design, develop and execute test cases, build and manage test environment, and data.
Different Phases of Test Automation Life Cycle Methodology:
Overall, the perfect choice of automated testing tool, testing procedure, and team are significant players for the automated tests to be successful. Automation and manual techniques go hand-in-hand for successful tests.
Automation and manual tests cover two vast areas. Both have their weaknesses and strengths. Within every category, particular test techniques are offered, such as integration testing, white-box testing, black-box testing, performance testing, load testing, and system testing. Some of these techniques are best suited to manual tests, and some are better executed through automation.
Automated Test is carried out with the usage of script, code as well as test automation tools by a QA engineer whereas Manual Testing is performed manually by Human effort (such as a QA analyst). Test Automation is very fast whereas Manual Testing is a time-taking procedure. An automated test isn’t possible without programming knowledge whereas a Manual test is possible without programming knowledge.
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